Wine Types, Grape Varietals and Wine Glasses :

Tests have shown that the shape and construction of wine glassware can significantly improve the bouquet and flavor of wines. The size and shape of different wine glasses are meticulously tailored to a particular type of wine and the variety of grapes in that wine to showcase its partnered wine so that flavor and bouquet are transmitted in a truly "authentic" manner. The shape of the bowl and its flare are matched to a wine's bouquet and and tasting profile to present that wine to its maximum potential. the unique shape of different wine glasses' result in a specialized tool which will expertly present the wine to the palate - delivering the wine to that part of the tongue that best represents that wine's characteristics.

Below are the leading popular wine types, their associated grape varietals and their designated wine glasses . These particular wine glass selections are features of the popular Reidel brand of specialty quality wine glassware.

Another consideration for wine glasses is the formal table setting. The proper placement of wineglasses in a table setting is shown in the following useful diagram. Placement of multiple wine glasses should be in tasting order left to right, white wine to red wine to champagne flute to digestive glasses.

Formal Dinner Place Setting

Here are some simple guidelines when selecting glasses for:

White wines:

  • Use a wine glass with a narrow bowl to retain subtle flavours and nuances. This ensures that the surface area of exposed wine to oxygen is reduced.
  • The wine will remain cooler for longer, therefore retaining its bouquet.
  • A younger, fresher wine is best in a slightly taller, thinner glass. i.e. champagne is always served in a tall, fluted glass which contains the bubbles and slowly directs them gently upwards towards your nose.
  • A fuller, fatter wine like a mature Chardonnay is best out of a slightly shorter, wider rimmed glass. As there is an abundance of flavour already in the wine, it is beneficial to have a wider surface area in your glass. A Chardonnay does not require so much chilling - unless of course it is very young and high in acidity.

Red wines:

  • Use a glass with a wider bowl, increasing the surface area, enabling the wine to breathe.
  • Exposure to oxygen will soften the tannins and allow the stronger flavours in the wine to show through.
  • The wine will be served at or slightly below room temperature, therefore it is easier to warm a wider glass than a tall, narrow one as you hold it in your hand, this in turn releases more aromas.

A few quick tips:

  1. Only fill glasses one-third full. This helps to leave room in the glass to swirl the wine around, so you are able to enjoy the aromas as they are released.
  2. When washing good quality wine glasses use very hot water only without detergent, otherwise the build up of soap in your glasses may interfere with the taste of wine.
Bordeaux or Cabernet Sauvignon Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Bordeaux Glass Bordeaux or Cabernet Sauvignon

The large elongated bowl of this glass allows the wine�s aromas to build before reaching the nose. The opening of the glass directs wine to the front of the tongue where sweet receptors detect its luscious fruit flavors of black cherry and cassis. The full tapered bowl provides ample swirling room and concentrates the aromas at the rim for a full nose. Swirling also aerates the wine and softens the tannins.

Wineglass optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Bordeaux (Red), Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Zweigelt
Brunello di Montalcino Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Riedel Vinum Brunello di Montalcino Brunello di Montalcino WineGlass -
Optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Brunello Di Montalcino, Sangiovese Grosso
 
Burgundy or Pinot Noir Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
 Burgundy Wineglass Burgundy or Pinot Noir

This glass has a wide, short bowl to offer more surface area and less distance for subtle fruit aromas to reach the nose. It directs wine to the front of the mouth where the tongue tastes the delicate red fruit flavors and acids, characteristic of a Pinot Noir. The wide bowl offers plenty of swirling room to soften the tannins.

This wineglass is otimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Barbaresco, Barolo, Beaujolais Grand Cru, Blauburgunder, Blauer Portugieser, Burgundy (Red), Gamay, Nebbiolo, Pinot Noir, Trollinger
Chardonnay and Chablis Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
 Chardonnay Wineglass Chardonnay and Chablis -

The fruit flavors of a Chardonnay or Chablis range from green apple to tropical fruit, depending on where it was produced. A Chardonnay/Chablis glass has a smaller bowl to focus on the delicate aromas of this fruity wine. The narrow opening delivers wine to the front of the tongue for fruit flavors to be savored. Less volume keeps the chilled wine at its ideal serving temperature longer.

Optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Albarino, Aligote, Bordeaux (White), Burgundy (White), Chablis, Chenin Blanc, Condrieu, Cortese, Graves Blanc, Hermitage (White), Marsanne, Morillon, Pinot (Blanc, Gris), Rulander, Sauvignon-Semillon, Semillon, Soave, Viognier
Champagne Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Champagne Wineglass Champagne -

The slender flute-shaped glass maintains a constant flow of bubbles to the palate, where the fizz, fruitiness, and acidity are fully enjoyed. The slender glass also maintains the chilled serving temperature of Champagne and sparkling wine.

Optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Champagne, Cuvee Prestige, Prosecco, Rose Champagne, Vintage Champagne, Vintage Sparkling Wine
 
Chianti - Zinfandel Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Chianti Zinfandel Wineglass Chianti - Zinfandel
Wineglass optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Alsace Grand Cru, Gewurtraminer, Gruner Veltliner, Jurancon Sec, Riesling (Late Harvest), Riesling Smaragd, Vouvray
 
Grappa Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Riedel  Vinum Grappa Grappa

Optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Cointreau, Grand Marnier, Grappa, Marc, Tresterbrande
Montrachet Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Riedel Vinum Montrachet Montrachet

Optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Burgundy (White), Chardonnay, Corton-Charlemagne, Meursault, Montrachet, New World Chardonnay, Pouilly-Fuisse, St. Aubin
Vintage Port Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Vintage Port Wineglass Vintage Port -
Optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Colheitas, LBV (Late Botteled Vintage), Madeira, Malvasia, Marsale, Palomino (Sherry), Sherry, Tawny Port, Vinsanto, Vintage Port
 
Rheingau Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Rheingau Wineglass Rheingau
Wineglass - Optimized for Gruner Veltliner, Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, Muskat-Ottonel, Orvieto Classico, Pinot (Blanc, Grigio, Gris), Riesling (Kabinett) Roter Veltiner, Sylvaner, Vernaccia, Weissherbst, Welschriesling 
Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Grigio Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Sauvignon  Blanc Wineglass Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Grigio -

The narrow shape of this bowl focuses the delicate aromas and delivers them straight to the nose, while minimizing warming. The narrow opening targets wine to the front and sides of the tongue where fruit flavors and acidity are detected. Sauvignon Blanc and Pino Grigio are clean, crisp-tasting wines with vibrant acidity, experienced best with the slightly smaller and moderately narrowe glass.

Wineglass optimized for Grape varities and wines:
Chenin blanc, Gew�rztraminer, Muscadet, Pinot blanc, Pinot Grigio, Sancerre, Sauvignon, S�million, Silvaner, Soave, Trbbiano
 
Syrah Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Syrah Wineglass Syrah -
WineGlass optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Amarone, Barbera, Blaufrankisch, Chateauneuf-Du-Pape, Grenache, Hermitage (Red), Malbec, Mourvedre, Petite Sirah, Priorato, Shiraz, Syrah
Tempranillo Wine, Grape Varietals and Wineglass -  
Riedel  Vinum Tempranillo Tempranillo
WineGlass optimized for Grape varieties and wines:
Crianza, Ribera del Duero, Rioja, Tempranillo
Digestiv  Digestive 
   
Common Wine Grape Varietals
  • Auslese
    German wines are categorized according to ripeness at picking. The minimum levels of ripeness for each category vary by region, but the basic categories are Tafelwein (table wine), Qualit�tswein (quality wine or QbA) and Qualit�tswein mit Pr�dikat (quality wine with added distinction or QmP). Within the latter category the distinctions are (in ascending order of ripeness) kabinett, sp�tlese, auslese, beerenauslese, trockenbeerenauslese (TBA) and eiswein. Under certain climatic conditions, the grapes may be affected by Botrytis cinerea, a desirable fungus that enhances flavor, and is known in Germany as Edelf�ule. Although they may contain residual sugar, German wines tend to be richer as one tastes through the categories of distinction and not until Beerenauslese is sweetness enough of a dominant factor for a wine to be considered a dessert wine. At all levels German wines are balanced by high acidity, so they do not necessarily taste sweet.
  • Bordeaux
    Premier French growing region. Primary varietals: Red (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Cabernet Franc) and White (S�millon and Sauvignon Blanc).
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
    The undisputed king of red wines, Cabernet is a remarkably steady and consistent performer. It grows well in many regions, and is capable of rendering wines of uncommon depth, richness, concentration and longevity. Cabernet has an affinity for oak and usually spends 15 to 30 months in new or used French or American barrels, a process that, when properly executed imparts a woody, toasty cedar or vanilla flavor to the wine while slowly oxidizing it and softening the tannins. Microclimates are a major factor in the weight and intensity of the Cabernets. Winemakers also influence the style as they can extract high levels of tannin and heavily oak their wines.
  • Cabernet-Merlot
    A common "Bordeaux-blend" becoming more popular in wines produced worldwide. The Merlot adds a softer, more supple texture to the bold Cabernet Sauvignon. (also see Merlot)
  • Chablis
    Authentic Chablis is made in France from pure Chardonnay. However, many wineries market a "Chablis" which can be any semi-dry blend of white wines.
  • Champagne
    Only sparkling wine that comes from the Champagne region of Northeastern France can boast this name. Champagne can be made from Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and/or Pinot Meunier. Similar wines that come from anywhere else in the world are known as "Sparkling Wines."
  • Chardonnay
    The "king of white wines." Chardonnay is the single most popular wine in the world (if you judge by sales). It makes consistently excellent, rich and complex whites. This is an amazingly versatile grape that grows well in a variety of locations throughout the world. In Burgundy, it is used for the exquisite whites, such as Montrachet, Meursault and Pouilly-Fuiss�, and true Chablis; in Champagne it turns into Blanc de Blancs. Chardonnay has reached superb maturity in many California regios as well. Among the many other countries that have caught Chardonnay fever, Australia is especially strong.
  • Corvina
    Red grape varietal from the famous red wine region of Veneto in northern Italy where Valpolicella wine is made primarily from three grape varieties - Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara.
  • Cotes du Rhone
    (Also Cotes du Rhone-Village). Blended wines , not only of the14 grape allowed grape varieties, Grenache being chief among them, but blended from village to village as well. Of varying quality, they are best when made by the traditional barrel fermented techniques and not the newer carbonic maceration technique (which is how Beaujolais is made, and why everything made this way tastes like Beaujolais).
  • Dolcetto
    (Dole-chet-toe):  A red grape varietal grown in the region of Piedmont, northern Italy. Fragrant and fruity, it is usually the quickest to mature of the red Piedmont wines.
  • Dornfelder
    Germany. The most successful new grape is making a wonderful career for itself. It came originally from a crossing of the negligible Helfensteiner and Herold grapes and was supposed to improve the color of bright red burgundy. But Dornfelder came through as a robust, strong red wine in its own right - due especially to barrique casking. It is grown mostly in the Palatinate, and is known in the region as an excellent Pfalzwein.
  • Eiswein
    German wines are categorized according to ripeness at picking. The minimum levels of ripeness for each category vary by region, but the basic categories are Tafelwein (table wine), Qualit�tswein (quality wine or QbA) and Qualit�tswein mit Pr�dikat (quality wine with added distinction or QmP). Within the latter category the distinctions are (in ascending order of ripeness) kabinett, sp�tlese, auslese, beerenauslese, trockenbeerenauslese (TBA) and eiswein. Under certain climatic conditions, the grapes may be affected by Botrytis cinerea, a desirable fungus that enhances flavor, and is known in Germany as Edelf�ule. Although they may contain residual sugar, German wines tend to be richer as one tastes through the categories of distinction and not until Beerenauslese is sweetness enough of a dominant factor for a wine to be considered a dessert wine. At all levels German wines are balanced by high acidity, so they do not necessarily taste sweet.
  • Gewurztraminer
    Gew�rztraminer can yield magnificent wines, as is best demonstrated in Alsace, France, where it is made in to a variety of styles from dry to off-dry to sweet. The grape needs a cool climate that allows it to get ripe. It's a temperamental grape to grow and vinify, as its potent spiciness can be overbearing when unchecked. At its best, it produces a floral and refreshing wine with crisp acidity that pairs well with spicy dishes. When left for late harvest, it's uncommonly rich and complex, a tremendous dessert wine.
  • Graves
    Rich, lush Whites and Reds from one of the most prestigious regions of Bordeaux. Not to be missed!
  • Huxelrebe
    A blended German white wine, it offers a penetrating bouquet, and fantastic sweet fruit flavors.
  • Kabinett
    A semi-fruity German white wine. Big and generous, with a nice balance between ripe green apple and apricot. Loaded with bright juicy flavors of fresh flowers, lemon and red apple. An excellent summertime wine.
  • Late-Harvest Cabernet
    Late-Harvest wines are made from grapes left on the vine after traditional harvest. These grapes (both Red and White) begin to achieve very high levels of sugar, and eventually develop " botrytis" (the noble rot) producing intense, thick, concentrated wines that are often the most sought-after wines made.
  • Molinara
    Red grape varietal from the famous red wine region of Veneto in northern Italy where Valpolicella wine is made primarily from three grape varieties - Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara.
  • Merlot
    Merlot is the red-wine success of the 1990s: its popularity has soared along with its acreage, and it seems wine lovers can't drink enough of it. It dominates Bordeaux, except for the M�doc and Graves. Though it is mainly used for the Bordeaux blend, it can stand alone. In St.-Emilion and Pomerol, especially, it produces noteworthy wines, culminating in Ch�teau P�trus. In Italy it's everywhere, though most of the Merlot is lighter in style. Several styles have emerged. One is a Cabernet-style Merlot, which includes a high percentage (up to 25 percent) of Cabernet, similar currant and cherry flavors and firm tannins. A second style is less reliant on Cabernet, softer, more supple, medium-weight, less tannic and features more herb, cherry and chocolate flavors. A third style is a very light and simple wine; this type's sales are fueling Merlot's overall growth. Like Cabernet, Merlot can benefit from some blending, as Cabernet can give it backbone, color and tannic strength. It also marries well with oak. Merlot's aging potential is fair to good, but may become softer with age.
  • Montepulciano
    Popular Italian red wine. The most ancient document concerning the wine of Montepulciano dates back to 789: the minor clerck Arnipert gave the church of St. Silvester or St. Salvador in Montepulciano on Amiata Mount a strip of land where vineyard was grown in the castle of Policiano. The wine of Montepulciano became very important in 1685, when Francesco Redi ends lines dedicated to the wine in his dithyramb "Bacchus in Tuscany" with: "Montepulciano is the king of all wines". Very dark, almost inky garnet in color, with black fruit aromas and an odd but appetizing whiff of coffee. Full and ripe black-fruit flavors are backed by bright acidity, with good fruit and pleasant spice continuing in a long finish.
  • Montrachet
    Exquisite white Burgundy (France). Powerful bouquet of apples, minerals and spices. Immensely satisfying aroma. Very elegant yet full of flavors. Not somber or reserved, yet not as "fat" and viscous as Meursault. Steely tones combine with richness to make this wine extremely tasty.
  • Nebbiolo
    The great grape of Northern Italy, which excels there in Barolo and Barbaresco, strong, ageeable wines. Mainly unsuccessful elsewhere, Nebbiolo also now has a small foothold in California. So far the wines are lighter and less complicated than their Italian counterparts.
  • Pinot Grigio / Pinot Gris
    Known as Pinot Grigio in Italy, where it is mainly found in the northeast, producing quite a lot of undistinguished dry white wine and Collio's excellent whites. As Pinot Gris, it used to be grown in France's Burgundy and the Loire, though it has been supplanted, but it comes into its own in Alsace--where it's known as Tokay. Southern Germany plants it as Rul�nder. When good, this varietal is soft, gently perfumed and has more color than most whites.
  • Riesling
    Undoubtedly the best German wines are made from Riesling. This white grape is capable of developing intense flavors at lower ripeness levels, making it an ideal cultivar for Germany's northern climate. Under the right weather conditions, Riesling will ripen late into autumn, rendering late-harvest styles. When combined with an attack of Edelf�ule, these late-harvest grapes produce some of the most stunning and longest-lived wines around. Rieslings are distinguished their floral perfume, but after that they vary widely. In Germany's Mosel-Saar-Ruwer area, the wines are delicate and subtle, with very low alcohol, while in the Pfalz they become spicy, exuberant and full-bodied. In Alsace the result is bone-dry. Because Riesling is one of the grapes susceptible to Botrytis cinerea, it also produces luscious late-harvest dessert wines. Riesling was Australia's most-planted white until Chardonnay surpassed it. In California this grape is known occasionally as White Riesling. It has been declining in acreage the past few years and quality rarely rises above the good category. As a dessert wine, though, it can be exceptional. Grows best in cool areas that allow the grapes to ripen slowly, so it is also found in Canada--where it is being used to produce eiswein--and Oregon and Washington state.
  • Riesling Spatlese
    German white wine teeming with bright citrus flavors yet soft in texture. Strikes a perfect balance between acidity and sweetness. Like biting into the most perfectly ripened, crisp, fresh green apple. A very refreshing wine and a real favorite in the summer months.
  • Rondinella
    Red grape varietal from the famous red wine region of Veneto in northern Italy where Valpolicella wine is made primarily from three grape varieties - Corvina, Rondinella, and Molinara.
  • Scheurebe
    A relatively newer German white wine blend of Sylvaner and Riesling. Lively acidity; bouquet and taste reminiscent of black currants. A lightly dusty hint in aroma and lots of spice in taste are typical.
  • Semillion-Chardonnay
    Semillion is traditionally a white French blending grape blended with Sauvignon Blanc to create the foundation for the classic Sauternes and most of the great dry whites found in Graves and Pessac-L�ognan. Blending Semillion with Chardonnay is gaining increasing popularity in California and Australia, producing smoother, floral whites slightly softer and lighter than pure Chardonnays.
  • Siegerrebe
    Siegerrebe is a hybrid of the classic German/European Gew�rztraminer. It offers a penetrating bouquet, with very forward fruit flavors. It is often blended with other German whites such as Huxelrebe and Spaetlese.
  • Spatlese
    Delightfully rich German white wine that full, honeyed peach flavor with tons of residual sweetness that is so very popular. As an evening cocktail with fruit and cheese it would serve you very well.
  • Trockenbeerenauslese (TBA)
    German wines are categorized according to ripeness at picking. The minimum levels of ripeness for each category vary by region, but the basic categories are Tafelwein (table wine), Qualit�tswein (quality wine or QbA) and Qualit�tswein mit Pr�dikat (quality wine with added distinction or QmP). Within the latter category the distinctions are (in ascending order of ripeness) kabinett, sp�tlese, auslese, beerenauslese, trockenbeerenauslese and eiswein. Harvested of individually-selected berries which are overripe and dried up almost to raisins. Produces rich, sweet, luscious, honey-like wines.
  • Verdicchio
    Verdicchio is cultivated and produced in the area of Italy known as "The Marches," situated just in the center of Italy, between the Apennines and the Adriatic Sea. Although the Marches are not a large region (less than 10.000 Km2 roughly), visitors can admire an outstanding range of landscapes: from the sea to the hills, from the valleys crossed by several rivers to the tops of the highest mountains. Thanks to this variety, this region differs considerably from all the other Italian regions. Verdicchio is a very clear and intense wine, of a pale yellow with greenish tones, with a rich and delicate bouquet, full-bodied and savory, with the typical slightly bitter aftertaste.
  • Zinfandel
    The origins of this tremendously versatile and popular grape are not known for certain, although it is thought to have come from Southern Italy as a cousin of Primitivo. It is the most widely planted red grape in California (though Australia has also played around with the grape). Much of it is vinified into white Zinfandel, a blush-colored, slightly sweet wine. Real Zinfandel, the red wine, is the quintessential California wine. It has been used for blending with other grapes, including Cabernet Sauvignon and Petite Sirah. It has been made in a claret style, with berry and cherry flavors, mild tannins and pretty oak shadings. It has been made into a full-bodied, ultra-ripe, intensely flavored and firmly tannic wine designed to age. And it has been made into late-harvest and Port-style wines that feature very ripe, raisiny flavors, alcohol above 15 percent and chewy tannins. Styles aimed more for the mainstream and less for extremes, emphasizing the grape's zesty, spicy pepper, raspberry, cherry, wild berry and plum flavors, and its complex range of tar, earth and leather flavors.
 

Back to top                    Back to WineSite Home

 

Page updated 01/06/2016

Cars Chicago

DineSite

Faith FLW Library Links McNees Naperville Photography Sports

TechSite

Travel WineSite
Click for Naperville, Illinois Forecast www.unwindwine.com
www.McNees.org
www.McNees.net 

 R & L McNees Family Website - Naperville, Illinois USA � 1999-2015 All Rights Reserved. Last updated 12/19/2015 Best viewed Get Firefox - the broswer you can trust